Organic Rosa Demascena (Rose) Oil & Flower Distillate
Rosa Centifolia (Rose De Mai) Oil
It takes thousands of pounds of rose blossoms, picked as they are unfurling in the early hours of dawn, to yield one pound of rose essential oil. This makes it one of the most expensive essential oils available. Organic rose oil is a complex blend of more than 300 different components——a rich molecular composition making it one of the most celebrated ingredients in holistic skin care. It is suitable for all skin types, but it is especially valuable for dry, sensitive or aging skin. It contains an array of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. It also has excellent emollient, astringent, anti-inflammatory and tissue-regenerating properties. Extracted by steam distillation, the total yield of rose essential oil will depend upon several conditions including climate, time of the harvest, condition of the flowers and the expertise of distillers. During the middle of the (typically one month) harvest period, the yield is higher than at the beginning, and mild weather will result in a further increase in the oil produced. In Bulgaria the rosa demascena blossoms are still collected by hand in the time-honored way, and are nipped just below the calyx (green, outer protective cover). Sunrise is when the oil yield is at its highest, and collection of the blossoms is completed by 10:00 am while the dew is still on the petals. Rose distillate (also known as rose hydrosol or hydrolat) is derived from this intricate process. Small batches of rose blossoms are steamed in copper distilleries and release a volatile therapeutic compound into the water. The essential oil is drawn off——and the distillate containing micro molecules of essential oil and constituents from the flower——is retained. Although production exists in several countries, in Bulgaria, the first rose plantations appeared around the town of Kazanlak in 16th century. The climatic and soil conditions of the Kazanlak area proved to be more favorable than any other place. Gradually the number of rose plantations grew occupying a large area in central Bulgaria, known as the Valley of Roses. For more than 400 years, the Bulgarian Rose Valley has been considered the world center for rose oil production. Surrounded by two majestic mountains, the Balkan Mountain and Sredna Gora, the Valley of Roses is considered to have the best soil structure, air humidity, cloudiness and precipitation for obtaining the finest and most sought-after rose oil in the world.